Meridian, Mississippi

related topics
{city, large, area}
{build, building, house}
{area, community, home}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{city, population, household}
{school, student, university}
{water, park, boat}
{government, party, election}
{area, part, region}
{service, military, aircraft}
{black, white, people}
{ship, engine, design}
{album, band, music}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{land, century, early}
{work, book, publish}
{line, north, south}
{system, computer, user}
{car, race, vehicle}
{county, mile, population}
{village, small, smallsup}

Meridian is a city in Lauderdale County, Mississippi, United States. Located in the North Central Hills region of the state, it is the county seat of Lauderdale County, the sixth largest city in Mississippi, and the principal city of the Meridian, Mississippi Micropolitan Statistical Area. The city's 38,232 inhabitants, as reported in the 2008 United States Census estimates, are governed by a city council headed by Mayor Cheri M. Barry. Along major highways, the city is 93 mi (150 km) east of Jackson, MS; 154 mi (248 km) west of Birmingham, AL; 202 mi (325 km) northeast of New Orleans, LA; and 231 mi (372 km) southeast of Memphis, TN.

Established in 1860 at the intersection of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad and Southern Railway of Mississippi, Meridian relied heavily on the rails and goods transported on them; the historic Union Station is now also home to several other modes of transportation, including the Meridian Transit System, Greyhound Buses, and Trailways, averaging 242,360 passengers per year. During the American Civil War, much of the city was burned to the ground by General William Tecumseh Sherman in the Battle of Meridian. Rebuilt after the war, the city entered a "Golden Age", becoming the largest city in Mississippi between 1890 and 1930 and a leading center for manufacturing in the South, with 44 trains coming in and out daily. Although its economy slowed with the decline of the railroading industry, the city has diversified, with healthcare, military, and manufacturing employing the most people in 2010.

There is a population of 232,900 in a 45-mile (72 km) radius and 526,500 in a 65-mile (105 km) radius, of which 104,600 and 234,200 people respectively are in the labor force. The area is served by two military facilities, Naval Air Station Meridian and Key Field, which provide over 4,000 jobs to the surrounding area. NAS Meridian is home to the Regional Counter-Drug Training Academy (RCTA) and the first local Department of Homeland Security in the state. Key Field is the site of the famous flight by brothers Fred and Al Key, who set a world endurance flight record in 1935. The field is now home to the 186th Air Refueling Wing of the Air National Guard and a support facility for the 185th Aviation Brigade of the Army National Guard. Rush Foundation Hospital is the largest non-military employer in the region, employing 2,610 people.

Among the city's many arts organizations and buildings are the Riley Center, the Meridian Museum of Art, Meridian Little Theatre, and the Meridian Symphony Orchestra. Meridian was also home to two Carnegie libraries, one for African Americans and one for whites. The African American library was the only Carnegie library built for blacks in the country. The city has also been selected as the future location of the Mississippi Arts and Entertainment Center (MAEC), which will be located at Bonita Lakes. The MAEC Hall of Fame honoring Mississippi musicians and artists will be located downtown in a building on Front Street purchased in July 2010.

Full article ▸

related documents
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Rockford, Illinois
Rochester, New York
Evansville, Indiana
Bendigo, Victoria
Greenville, South Carolina
Flint, Michigan
Glossop
Laredo, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Huntington, West Virginia
Chesterfield
Gainesville, Florida
Washington, D.C.
Allentown, Pennsylvania
Longview, Texas
Managua
Arbroath
Campinas
Kilkenny
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Newbury, Berkshire
Lima
Chorley
Quebec City
Tacoma, Washington
Amarillo, Texas
Zamboanga City
Grand Rapids, Michigan