related topics
{theory, work, human}
{god, call, give}
{language, word, form}
{specie, animal, plant}
{album, band, music}
{math, number, function}
{car, race, vehicle}
{son, year, death}
{woman, child, man}
{ship, engine, design}
{government, party, election}
{line, north, south}

Metaphor is the concept of understanding one thing in terms of another. A metaphor is a figure of speech that constructs an analogy between two things or ideas; the analogy is conveyed by the use of a metaphorical word in place of some other word. For example: "Her eyes were glistening jewels".

Metaphor also denotes rhetorical figures of speech that achieve their effects via association, comparison or resemblance (e.g., antithesis, hyperbole, metonymy and simile, which are all types of metaphor).[1]

The word metaphor derives from the 16th century Old French métaphore, in turn from the Latin metaphora "carrying over", which is the romanization of the Greek μεταφορά (metaphorá), “transfer”,[2] from μεταφέρω (metaphero), “to carry over”, “to transfer”,[3] itself a compound of μετά (meta), “between”[4] + φέρω (pherō), “to bear”, “to carry”.[5]


Types, terms and categories

Metaphors are comparisons that show how two things that are not alike in most ways are similar in one important way. A metaphor is more forceful (active) than an analogy, because metaphor asserts two things are the same, whereas analogy implies a difference; other rhetorical comparative figures of speech, such as metonymy, parable, simile and synecdoche, are species of metaphor distinguished by how the comparison is communicated.[1] The metaphor category also contains these specialised types:

Full article ▸

related documents
Four Noble Truths
Cognitive linguistics
False dilemma
Cultural bias
Fallacies of definition
Magic realism
Silva Method
Loaded question
Deductive reasoning
The Ego and Its Own
Semiotic literary criticism
Proper name
Ascribed characteristics
Evolution of an idea
Film theory
No true Scotsman
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Environmental skepticism