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Metrology is the science of measurement. Metrology includes all theoretical and practical aspects of measurement. The word comes from Greek μέτρον (metron), "measure"[1] + "λόγος" (logos), amongst others meaning "speech, oration, discourse, quote, study, calculation, reason".[2] In Ancient Greek the term μετρολογία (metrologia) meant "theory of ratios".[3]



Metrology is defined by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) as "the science of measurement, embracing both experimental and theoretical determinations at any level of uncertainty in any field of science and technology."[1] The ontology and international vocabulary of metrology (VIM) is maintained by the International Organisation for Standardisation.

Metrology is a very broad field and may be divided into three subfields:

A core concept in metrology is (metrological) traceability, defined as "the property of the result of a measurement or the value of a standard whereby it can be related to stated references, usually national or international standards, through an unbroken chain of comparisons, all having stated uncertainties." The level of traceability establishes the level of comparability of the measurement: whether the result of a measurement can be compared to the previous one, a measurement result a year ago, or to the result of a measurement performed anywhere else in the world.

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