Meurthe-et-Moselle (French pronunciation: [mœʁte mɔzɛl]) is a department in the Lorraine region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.
Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe which remained French territory.
The current boundary between Meurthe-et-Moselle and Moselle was the border between France and Germany from 1871 to 1919 and again between 1940 and 1944. The only subsequent change took place in 1997 and involved the incorporation, for administrative reasons, of the little commune of Han-devant-Pierrepont which had previously fallen within the Moselle department.
Meurthe-et-Moselle is part of the region of Lorraine and is surrounded by the departments of Meuse, Vosges, Bas-Rhin, and Moselle and by the nations of Luxembourg and Belgium.
Its extends from north to south for 130 kilometers and between 7 and 103 kilometers from west to east.
The important rivers are the following:
The economy was highly dependent on mining until the 1960s. There are iron, salt, and lime extraction sites.
The urban area around Nancy has a very dynamic economy based largely on services, research, and higher education.
The inhabitants of the department are called Meurthe-et-Mosellans.
The area around Nancy has become highly urbanized, whereas the Santois in the south is quite rural.
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