Miami tribe

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English, Miami-Illinois

Christianity, Traditional tribal religion

Peoria, Kaskaskia, Piankashaw, Wea, Illinois, and other Algonquian peoples

The Miami are a Native American nation originally found in what is now Indiana, southwest Michigan and western Ohio. Two Miami tribes are recognized by government bodies: the first is the federally recognized Miami Tribe of Oklahoma and the second is the Miami Nation of Indians in Indiana, which is recognized by the state, but not by the Federal government.

Contents

Name

The name 'Miami' derives from the tribe's autonym (name for themselves) in their Algonquian language, Miami-Illinois, Myaamia (plural Myaamiaki); this appears to have come from an older term meaning 'downstream people’. Some scholars contended the Miami called themselves the Twightwee (also spelled Twatwa), supposedly an onomatopoeic reference to their sacred bird, the Sandhill crane. Recent studies have shown that Twightwee derives from the Delaware language exonym for the Miamis, tuwéhtuwe, a name of unknown etymology.[1] Some Miamis have stated that this was only a name used by other tribes for the Miamis, and not the autonym which the Miamis used for themselves. Another common term was Mihtohseeniaki (the people). The Miami continue to use this autonym today.

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