Microstate

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A microstate or ministate is a sovereign state having a very small population or very small land area, but usually both. Some examples include Liechtenstein, Malta, Monaco, Nauru, Singapore, and Vatican City.

The smallest fully sovereign microstate is Vatican City, with 826 citizens as of July 2009 and an area of only 0.44 km².[1][2]

Microstates should not be confused with micronations, which are not recognized as sovereign states. Special territories without full sovereignty, such as the British Crown Dependencies, The Chinese Special Administrative Regions and Overseas Territories of Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom, are not considered microstates either.

Contents

List of sovereign nations with a non-sea area less than 1,000 km2 (386 sq mi)

Sovereign states with a non-sea area less than 1,000 km2 (386 sq mi).[3][4]

List of sovereign nations with fewer than 500,000 people

UN estimate

Historical anomalies and aspirant states

A small number of microstates are founded on historical anomalies or eccentric interpretations of law. These types of microstates are usually located on small (usually disputed) territorial enclaves, generate limited economic activity founded on tourism and philatelic and numismatic sales, and are tolerated or ignored by the nations from which they claim to have seceded.

One example is the Republic of Indian Stream, now the town of Pittsburg, New Hampshire — A geographic anomaly left unresolved by Treaty of Paris that ended the U.S. Revolutionary War, and claimed by both the U.S. and Canada. Between 1832 and 1835, the area's residents refused to acknowledge either claimant.

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