Middlesex County, Connecticut

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Middlesex County is a county located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. It was created in 1785 from portions of Hartford and New London counties. As of 2000, the population was 155,071.

As is the case with all eight of Connecticut's counties, there is now no county government, and no county seat. In Connecticut, towns are responsible for all local government activities, including fire and rescue, snow removal, and schools. In a few cases, neighboring towns will share certain resources, e.g. water, gas, etc. However, Middlesex County is merely a group of towns on a map, and no longer has any particular authority.



There is no government in Middlesex County other than the Middlesex County Judicial District. All county functions other than courts and county sheriff's departments were discontinued in 1960, and again in 2000 when the county sheriff's departments were reorganized as the State of Connecticut judicial Marshall's department, due to political corruption in the county sheriff's departments. Joseph E. Bibisi was the last person ever to serve as high sheriff of middlesex county.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 439 square miles (1,137 km²), of which 369 square miles (956 km²) of it is land and 70 square miles (181 km²) of it (15.90%) is water.

The terrain trends from mostly level along the Connecticut River and Atlantic coast to gently rolling uplands away from them. The highest elevation is close to a triangulation station in Meshomasic State Forest, located at 916 feet (279 m) above sea level; the lowest point is sea level.

Middlesex County is also the home of Wadsworth Falls.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 155,071 people, 61,341 households, and 40,607 families residing in the county. The population density was 420 people per square mile (162/km²). There were 67,285 housing units at an average density of 182 per square mile (70/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.28% White, 4.42% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 3.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.4% were of Italian, 14.3% Irish, 11.1% English, 8.9% Polish and 8.2% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.1% spoke English, 2.6% Spanish, 1.9% Italian, 1.2% French and 1.0% Polish as their first language.

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