Military of Djibouti

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Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict

Djibouti's military consists of the Djibouti National Army (includes Navy and Air Force).



The first war which involved the Djiboutian armed forces, was the Djiboutian Civil War between the Djiboutian government, supported by France, and the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD). The war lasted from 1991 to 2001, although most of the hostilities ended when the moderate factions of FRUD signed a peace treaty with the government after suffering an extensive military setback when the government forces captured most of the rebel-held territory. A radical group continued to fight the government, but signed its own peace treaty in 2001. The war ended in a government victory, and FRUD became a political party.

Djibouti has fought in clashes against Eritrea over the Ras Doumeira peninsula, which both countries claim to be under their sovereignty. The first clash occurred in 1996 after a nearly two-months stand-off. In 1999, a political crisis occurred when both sides accused each other for supporting its enemies. In 2008, the countries clashed again when Djibouti refused to return Eritrean deserters and Eritrea responded by firing at the Djiboutian forces. In the following battles, some 44 Djiboutian troops and some estimated 100 Eritreans were killed.

Foreign military within Djibouti


France's 13th Foreign Legion Demi-Brigade and 5e RIAOM are currently stationed in Djibouti.

United States of America

There is also Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa, a U.S. force of more than 2,000, currently deployed in the country at Camp Lemonnier.[1]

Aircraft Inventory


Armoured vehicles :

42 T-72M-2M 125mm MBTs (from Yemen TBD)
60 AMX-13C-90 90mm LT (OUT OF SERVICE)
12 Armscor Ratel-90 90mm 6x6 ARVs
- 24Panhard AML(18 AML-90+6 AML-60)
10 GAZ BTR-80 8x8 APCs
10 GAZ BTR-70 8x8 APCs
-15 BTR-60 - including 1 fitted with 90 mm AML-90 gun in French Panhard AML (AML-245) turret.
14 Hmmwv Hummer M-1043 with MK-19 Dot-III 40mm AGL 4x4 APCs
- ACMAT VLRA TPK 4.20 x24
- Véhicule Blindé Léger VBLx15
- Casspir MK-III - x9 (refurbished SANDF units)
- BM-21x4 Grad 122mm MRLs
6 Type 63 107mm MRL
12 D-30 122mm Howitzer
6 Oto-Melara Pack M-56 105mm Howitzer
20 Brandt MO-120RT-61 120mm heavy mortar
25 Brandt 81mm medium mortar
Brandt M0-60 60mm light mortar
14 MK-19 Mod-III 40mm AGL
100 Apilas light ATRL
24 Larc-89 light ATRL
50 RPG-7V
16 M-40A-1C-1 106mm RCLs
5 M-693\53-T-2 20mm AAGs
5 SU-23x2 23mm twin-gun AAGs
5 Bofors L-70 40mm AAGs
2 Hmmwv M-997 Hummer Ambulance
13 Landrover Defender
4 Mercedes Benz G-Wagen
14 Toyota Land Cruiser
4 Unimog
10 Reo M-35A-2
4 TRM-150
3 Ural trucks

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