Military of Ghana

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The Ghana Armed Forces consists of the Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police Force, Palace Guard, and Civil Defence. With around 7,000 personnel serving in the Ghanian military, Ghana has the lowest ratio of active troops per thousand citizens in the world, standing at 0.33. However, the Ghanian military is one of the most professional and up-to-date militaries in West Africa. Ghana's modern military was formed after independence in 1957. The Ghanaian military is primarily composed of the Army, which forms the pre-eminent service, more important that the Air force or navy. From 1966 the military was extensively involved in politics, mounting several coups; see History of Ghana (1966-1979). The Ghanaian military today is considered the most professional armed force in West Africa.[citation needed]

Ghana's nominal chief military commander is the President of The Republic, with various generals and other commanders leading troops in the field. The Ministry of Defence and Central Defence Headquarters are both located in Accra. Accra, in the British colony of the Gold Coast, was also the location of the British Army’s Headquarters West Africa Command which remained there until its disbandment in 1956.

The Ghanaian military often has to make do with poorly-serviced weaponry and equipment due to lack of maintenance training and capability. As a result, maintenance tasks are often contracted to U.N. and other foreign military advisors and technicians.



The Ghana army numbers some 5,000 personnel and is structured as follows:

  • The Northern Command with headquarters in Kumasi and the Southern Command with headquarters in Accra. In March 2000 these two commands were formed after a a restructuring of the existing brigades: 1st Infantry Brigade (HQ in Teshie), 2nd Infantry Brigade (HQ in Kumasi)and Support Services Brigade (HQ in Burma Camp).[1]
  • 6 Infantry Battalions of the Ghana Regiment. 3rd Battalion of Infantry, 4th Battalion of Infantry and 5th Battalion of Infantry in the Northern Command, 1st Battalion of Infantry, 2nd Battalion of Infantry and 5th Battalion of Infantry in the Southern Command.
  • 2 Airborne companies attached to Northern Command; Airborne Force
  • 1 Battalion of the in charge of state security ;64 Infantry Regiment (formerly known as as President's Own Guard Regiment)
  • 1 Training Battalion
  • 1 Staff College
  • 2 Armoured reconnaissance squadrons of the Reconnaissance Armoured Regiment
  • 1 Signals Regiment
  • 2 Engineer Regiments (48 Engineer Regiment and 49 Engineer Regiment)
  • 1 artillery regiment (66 Artillery Regiment)
  • 1 Logistics Group.

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