Military of Hungary

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The Hungarian Defence Force (Hungarian: Magyar Honvédség) is the national military of Hungary. It currently has two branches, the Hungarian Ground Force and the Hungarian Air Force.

The term "Home Defence Force" was originally used to refer to the armed forces established by Lajos Kossuth and the National Defence Committee of the Revolutionary Hungarian Parliament during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. In accordance with the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, the Hungarians were allowed to have their own forces for homeland defence adjunct to and integrated with the standing Imperial and Royal Army. The Honvédség became a specifically Hungarian Army within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

The term Honvédség is the name of the Hungarian military since 1848 referring to its purpose ("Hon" meaning "homeland" and "véd" meaning "defender" or "defence" thence "Honvéd" meaning "Homeland Defence"). The Hungarian Army is called Magyar Honvédség. The rank equal to a Private is a Honvéd.

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Name

Honvédség is the name of the Hungarian army. It literally means corps of homeland defenders and was originally used to refer to the revolutionary army established by Lajos Kossuth and the National Defence Committee of the Revolutionary Hungarian Diet in September 1848 during the Hungarian Revolution. In accordance with the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, the Hungarians were allowed to have their own forces for homeland defence integrated within the Imperial Forces. The Honvédség became a specifically Hungarian army within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, distinct from the Austrian Landwehr and the Imperial and Royal (K.u.K.) army of the empire as a whole.

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