The Military of Kenya comprises the Army, Navy and Air Force which as of August 4, 2010 according to the new Constitution passed by the citizens of Kenya. The paramilitary forces are made up of the specialist G.S.U, Administration Police, Game Rangers and Forest Guards. The main mission of the armed forces is the defence of the Republic of Kenya and all Kenyans residing within the country.
The military enjoys, in general, a good reputation. It is regularly deployed in peace-keeping missions around the world and generally commended for its professionalism. Further, in the aftermath of the national elections of December 2007 and the violence that subsequently engulfed the country, a commission of inquiry, the Waki Commission, commended its readiness and adjudged it to "have performed its duty well." Nevertheless there have been serious allegations of human rights violations, most recently while conducting counter-insurgency operations in the Mt Elgon area and also in the district of Mandera central. The President also holds the Government of Kenya (GOK) defence portfolio as the Commander in Chief of all the armed forces.
The Ministry of State for Defence, just like that of Internal Security and Provincial Administration, is part of the Vast Office of the President docket. All but senior military officers are appointed, promoted, and, if necessary, removed by the military's professional personnel system. The President appoints and retires senior military officers. With authority of the President as Commander-in-Chief, the Minister of Defence presides over the National Defence Council. The Chief of General Staff is the tactical, operational and administrative head of the Military. Under the 2010 Constitution, the Defence Forces can no longer be deployed for combat operations within Kenya without the approval of Parliament
The army's organisation is as follows: 2 armoured brigades, 4 infantry brigades, 1 engineer brigade, 1 armoured reconnaissance battalion, 3 artillery battalions, 3 engineer battalions, 1 independent air cavalry battalion with 35 armed helicopters (Embakasi), 5 infantry battalions, 1 parachute battalion and 1 ranger battalion for low intensity warfare.
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