Millen, Georgia

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Millen is a city in Jenkins County, Georgia, United States. The population was 3,492 at the 2000 census, a decline of 8.3% since 1990, during a decade in which the state's population grew by 26.4%.[4]

The city, centered near the intersection of U.S. Route 25 and State Route 17 and along the proposed Interstate 3, is the county seat of Jenkins County.[5]

Contents

History

After the establishment of the Thirteen Colonies, Millen (originally named "79" due to its approximate distance from Savannah) was first settled in 1835 along the border of what was then Burke and Screven counties.[1]

In 1854 the Central of Georgia Railway and the Georgia Railroad connected at 79; subsequently the town became known as Millen's Junction after McPherson B. Millen, the superintendent of the Central of Georgia Railway.[1]

During the Civil War, a site for a prison camp to house Union soldiers was chosen just outside of Millen's Junction. Camp Lawton—also referred to as Fort Lawton—was built in what is today Magnolia Springs State Park; the location was favorable because the springs provided potable water, which was supplied by the springs, and because of its proximity to the Augusta and Savannah Railroad. On December 3, 1864,[1] Sherman's March to the Sea passed through Millen. Prior to the arrival of Union forces, Confederate soldiers evacuated the Camp Lawton prisoners to Savannah. The presence of a prison camp and the proximity of a train depot led the Union soldiers to destroy Millen's Junction.[1]

The town was rebuilt after the war and in 1881 the city of Millen was incorporated by an act of the Georgia State Legislature, becoming the county seat of the newly-created Jenkins County in 1905.[1]

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