Mills County, Texas

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Mills County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in Central Texas. In 2000, its population was 5,151. Mills County is named for John T. Mills, a justice of the Texas Supreme Court. The seat of the county is Goldthwaite[1].


History Timeline

  • Among first inhabitants were the Apache and Comanche.[2]
  • 1786-1789 Pedro Vial explores a route from San Antonio to Santa Fe for Spain and passes through the county.[2]
  • 1828 Capt. Henry Stevenson Brown passes through the county to recover stock stolen by Indians.[2]
  • 1852 Dick Jenkins becomes the county’s first permanent settler.[2]
  • 1857 A Methodist circuit rider holds the county’s first religious service in the cabin of Charles Mullin.[2]
  • 1858 Mr. and Mrs. Mose Jackson and two of their children are killed by Indians at Jackson Springs, while two other children were carried into captivity. After a force of settlers route the Indians at Salt Gap, their pursuers and a company of Texas Rangers recover the captive Jackson children.[3]
  • 1869-1897 Lawlessness is rampant in post-Civil War Mills County. Vigilante committees create a reign of terror. Lynchings and assassinations become commonplace. The Texas Rangers are brought in to restore law and order.[2]
  • 1885 Goldthwaite is established as the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway builds tracks into the region.[2]
  • 1887 The Texas state legislature forms Mills County from Brown, Comanche, Hamilton, and Lampasas counties. Goldthwaite becomes the county seat.[2]
  • 1890 The county courthouse is erected.[4]

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