Mineola, New York

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Mineola is a village in Nassau County, New York, USA. The population was 19,233 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from a Native American word meaning a "pleasant place."

The majority of the Village of Mineola is located in the Town of North Hempstead, with a small portion of its southern edge within the Town of Hempstead.[1] Old Country Road runs along the southern border of the village. The area serviced by the Mineola Post Office extends further south into the adjacent village of Garden City, New York, where the county seat of Nassau County[2] is located. Offices of many Nassau County agencies are located in both Mineola and Garden City.



The central, flat, grassy part of Long Island was originally named "Hempstead Plains". In the 19th century various communities were started. One of them was called "Hempstead Branch", and finally, "Mineola".

Long Island was part of Henry Hudson's original claim in the name of the Dutch East India Company dating as far back as 1609. In the 18th century the Dutch and English settlers worked to clear farmland to start their life on the Hempstead Plains. It was in 1858 when this land was named after an Algonquin Indian Chief, Miniolagamika meaning, "Pleasant Village". The name was later shortened and altered to "Mineola".

Voters selected Mineola (in the Town of North Hempstead) to be the county seat for the new county of Nassau in November 1898[3] (before Mineola incorporated as a village in 1906 and set its boundaries), winning out over Hicksville and Hempstead.[4] The Garden City Company (founded in 1893 by the heirs of Alexander Turney Stewart)[5] donated four acres of land for the county buildings just south of the Mineola train station and the present day Village of Mineola, in the Town of Hempstead.[6][7] The land and the buildings have a Mineola postal address, but are within the present day Village of Garden City,[8] which did not incorporate, nor set its boundaries, until 1919.

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