Mineral, Virginia

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Mineral is a town in Louisa County, Virginia, United States. The population was 424 at the 2000 census.



Mineral was originally known as Tolersville[3], but adopted its current name when it incorporated in 1902 due to the mining industry that supported the community. It was the center of gold mining activity in Louisa County and during its heyday there were no fewer than fifteen gold mines located within two miles of the town. A zinc and lead mine also operated in the area into the 1970s.


Mineral is located at 38°0′22″N 77°54′34″W / 38.00611°N 77.90944°W / 38.00611; -77.90944 (38.006117, -77.909553)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km²), all land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 424 people, 172 households, and 115 families residing in the town. The population density was 474.7/sq mi (183.9/km²) . There were 196 housing units at an average density of 219.5/sq mi (85.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.70% White, 2.12% African American, 0.24% Native American, and 0.94% from two or more races.

There were 172 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,500, and the median income for a family was $49,000. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $24,063 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,397. About 4.5% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.


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