Minos

related topics
{god, call, give}
{son, year, death}
{law, state, case}
{specie, animal, plant}
{@card@, make, design}
{food, make, wine}
{game, team, player}
{woman, child, man}
{city, population, household}
{black, white, people}
{government, party, election}

In Greek mythology, Minos (Greek: Μίνως, Minōs) was a king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. After his death, Minos became a judge of the dead in Hades. The Minoan civilization of pre-Hellene Crete has been named after him by the archaeologist Arthur Evans. By his wife, Pasiphaë, he fathered Ariadne, Androgeus, Deucalion, Phaedra, Glaucus, Catreus, Acacallis, and many others.

Minos, along with his brothers, Rhadamanthys and Sarpedon, was raised by king Asterion (or Asterius) of Crete. When Asterion died, his throne was claimed by Minos[1] who banished Sarpedon and (according to some sources) Rhadamanthys too.

Contents

Etymology

It is not clear if Minos was a name or a title, the Cretan word for "king",[2] or indeed, to take a euhemerist position, the name of a particular king that was subsequently used as a title. There is a name in Minoan Linear A mi-nu-te that may be related to Minos. According to La Marle's reading of Linear A,[3] we should read mwi-nu ro-ja (Minos the king) on a Linear A tablet. The royal title ro-ja is read on several documents, including on stone libation tables from the sanctuaries, where it follows the name of the main god, Asirai (the equivalent of Sanskrit Asura, and of Avestan Ahura). La Marle suggests that the name mwi-nu (Minos) is expected to mean 'ascetic' as Sanskrit muni, and fits this explanation to the legend about Minos sometimes living in caves on Crete.[4] If royal succession in Minoan Crete descended matrilinearly— from the queen to her firstborn daughter— the queen's husband would have become the Minos, or war chief. Some scholars[who?] see a similarity between Minos and the names of other ancient founder-kings, such as Menes of Egypt, Mannus of Germany, and Manu of India.[citation needed]

Full article ▸

related documents
Odyssey
Parashurama
Vala (Middle-earth)
Morrígan
Gorgon
Shub-Niggurath
Child sacrifice
Sacrifice
Shekhinah
Dagon
Lingam
Rings of Power
Chamunda
Amazons
Passage of the Red Sea
Horus
Genie
Hanuman
Höðr
Dwarf (Middle-earth)
Nazgûl
Dionysus
Thetis
Balrog
Book of Isaiah
Massacre of the Innocents
Will-o'-the-wisp
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
Olivet discourse
Egyptian soul