Mishawaka, Indiana

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Mishawaka (pronounced /ˌmɪʃəˈwɑːkə/) is a city on the St. Joseph River and a Twin city of South Bend in St. Joseph County, Indiana, United States. The population was 46,557 as of the 2000 census. Its nickname is "the Princess City."

Mishawaka is a principal city of the South Bend–Mishawaka, IN-MI, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Mishawaka, Indiana, is a growing commercial city in Northern Indiana, located next to South Bend and Notre Dame, Indiana.

The city’s recorded history began with the discovery of bog iron deposits in the early 1830s. Settlers arriving to mine these deposits founded the town of St. Joseph Iron Works in 1831. Within a couple years, the town had a blast furnace, a general store, a tavern, and about 200 residents. Business prospered, and in 1833, St. Joseph Iron Works, Indiana City and two other adjacent small towns nearby were incorporated into one — Mishawaka.

In September 1872, a fire destroyed three quarters of Mishawaka’s business district. However, the persevering citizens rebuilt and attracted new industry. The Dodge Manufacturing Company, Perkins Windmills and the Mishawaka Woolen and Rubber Company (later Ball Band, then Uniroyal) all helped the town to prosper industrially. The town also grew agriculturally. In the late 19th century, the city became known as the "Peppermint Capital of the World" due to the rich black loam found in the area that yield great quantities of mint.

From 1906 to 1915, Mishawaka was the manufacturing home of the luxurious American Simplex motor car. Four American Simplex autos were entered into the 1911 Indianapolis 500. In that first Indy 500, one Simplex crashed, killing its riding mechanic and causing the first race fatality; the other three Mishawaka cars finished sixth, eighth and twentieth.

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