Mohammad Najibullah

related topics
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{service, military, aircraft}
{black, white, people}
{ship, engine, design}
{country, population, people}
{town, population, incorporate}
{village, small, smallsup}

Wikipedia book Book · Category Category · Portal Portal

Mohammad Najibullah Ahmadzai (Pashto: نجيب الله), originally just Najib, (August 6, 1947 – September 28, 1996) was the fourth and last President of the Soviet-backed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. He is also considered the second President of the Republic of Afghanistan.


Early years

Najibullah was born in August 1947 to the Ahmadzai sub-tribe of the Ghilzai Pashtun tribe. Though born in Kabul, his ancestral village was located between the towns of Said Karam and Gardēz in Paktia Province, this place is known as Mehlan. He was educated at Habibia High School and Kabul University, where he graduated with a doctor degree in medicine in 1975.

Political career

In 1965 Najibullah joined the Parcham faction of the Communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) and in 1977 joined the Central Committee.

In 1978 the PDPA took power in Afghanistan, with Najibullah a member of the ruling Revolutionary Council. However, the Khalq faction of the PDPA gained supremacy over his own Parcham faction, and after a brief stint as ambassador in Iran, he was dismissed from government and went into exile in Europe.

He returned to Kabul after the Soviet intervention in 1979. In 1980, he was appointed the head of KHAD, the secret police. Under Najibullah's control, it is claimed that KHAD arrested, tortured and executed tens of thousands of Afghans. It has been reported that Najibullah sometimes executed prisoners himself.[1] In 1981 he was promoted to full membership in the Politburo. Meanwhile, a change had taken place in Kabul. On May 4, 1986, under pressure from the Soviet Union, Babrak Karmal resigned as secretary general of the PDPA and was replaced by Dr. Najibullah. Karmal retained the presidency for a while, but power had shifted to Najibullah.

Full article ▸

related documents
Tokugawa shogunate
Mohammed Daoud Khan
Ernst Röhm
David Ben-Gurion
Alexander Kerensky
October Revolution
Hafez al-Assad
Black and Tans
Idi Amin
Yahya Khan
Wars of Italian Independence
Battle of Lützen (1813)
Tumu Crisis
Roman legion
Unit 101
Marwan Barghouti
Battle of Route Coloniale 4
Battle of Brice's Crossroads
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis
Oslo Accords
Battle of Naissus
Operation Goodwood
Kwantung Army
Battle of Cynoscephalae
Battle of Bennington
Wilhelm Canaris
Double Cross System
Polish Corridor