Moin (pronounced [ˈmɔɪn]) is a Frisian and Low German greeting from East Frisia, Southern Schleswig (including North Frisia and Flensburg), Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, the eastern Netherlands and Southern Jutland in Denmark, meaning "hello".
Its use spread during the first half of the 20th century over the whole of northern Schleswig-Holstein; it is also used in the Danish dialect Southern Jutish, where it is spelled "møjn".
People in more southern parts of Germany often mistakenly assume that Moin is a short form of Morgen (meaning "morning") and should be used like "good morning". Saying "moin" in parts of Germany other than the north will indicate you to be a northerner. Non-locals often fall into the trap of using "moin moin" instead of "moin", which is more commonly used amongst the locals. Using moin in other parts of Denmark than the southern part identifies you as a southerner.
The German comic character Werner always greets with Moin.
In Finland, a similar greeting moi (pronounced [ˈmoɪ]) is used in the Finnish language. It is also used exactly in the same way. However "moi moi" is used as a good bye, similarly as "bye bye" in English, even with a similar intonation.
"Moi" is also used in Frisian Gronings dialect.
The word derives from the Frisian word mooi, meaning "beautiful" or "good". In the popular form moin moin, the second moin (also morn) means "day" in Frisian. Similar forms in Low Saxon are mooien Dag, mooien Abend, mooien Mor(g)en. Moin is semantically equivalent to the Low Saxon (Plattdüütsch) greeting Tag and replaced it in many areas. Therefore, moin can be used 24 hours a day. The reduplication moin moin is used as emphasis and for a more polite form as well. In Southern Jutish, mojn is used for hello and good bye, but mojn mojn is solely used for good bye. Moin moin literally means "(Have a) good day".
Moin is also a likely root for the Finnish informal greetings moi ("hello" or "hi") and moi moi ("goodbye") which are typical of Southwestern Finnish.
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