Mojito

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sprig of mint (hierba buena in the original recipe)

Mojito (pronounced /moʊˈhiːtoʊ/; Spanish: [moˈxito]) is a traditional Cuban highball.

A Mojito is traditionally made of five ingredients: white rum, sugar (traditionally sugar cane juice), lime, sparkling water and mint. The original Cuban recipe uses spearmint or yerba buena, a mint variety very popular in the island.[1][2] Its combination of sweetness, refreshing citrus and mint flavors are intended to complement the potent kick of the rum, and have made this clear highball a popular summer drink.[3][4]

When preparing a Mojito, lime juice is added to sugar (or syrup) and mint leaves. The mixture is then gently mashed with a muddler. The mint leaves should only be bruised to release the essential oils and should not be shredded.[5] Then rum is added and the mixture is briefly stirred to dissolve the sugar and to lift the mint sprigs up from the bottom for better presentation. Finally, the drink is topped with ice cubes and sparkling water. Mint leaves and lime wedges are used to garnish the glass.[6]

The mojito is one of the most famous rum-based highballs. There are several versions of the mojito.[7]

Contents

Origin

Cuba is the birthplace of the Mojito, although the exact origin of this classic cocktail is the subject of debate.[8] One story traces the Mojito to a similar 16th century drink, the "El Draque", in honor of Sir Francis Drake.[4] It was made initially with tafia/aguardiente, a primitive predecessor of rum,[4] but rum was used as soon as it became widely available to the British (ca. 1650). Mint, lime and sugar were also helpful in hiding the harsh taste of this spirit. While this drink was not called a Mojito at this time, it was still the original combination of these ingredients.

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