Monmouth County, New Jersey

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Monmouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey, within the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 615,301, which had grown to 644,105 as of the Bureau's 2009 estimate.[1] Its county seat is Freehold Borough.[2] The most populous municipality is Middletown Township with 66,327 residents at the time of the 2000 Census. It is the northernmost county on the Jersey Shore, thus closest in proximity to New York City. As a result, population and cost of living have been on a rapid increase over the last decade. In turn, much of the county now suffers from obsolete infrastructure.

Monmouth County ranks 42nd among the highest-income counties in the United States. It also is ranked 53rd in the United States by personal per-capita income.[3]



Monmouth County was established in 1675. Its name may come from the Rhode Island Monmouth Society[4] or from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris. He suggested it be named after Monmouthshire in Wales, Great Britain. Other suggestions include that it was named for James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (1649–1685), who had many allies among the East Jersey leadership.[5] In 1714, the first county government was established.

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