Monroe, Massachusetts

related topics
{household, population, female}
{line, north, south}
{school, student, university}
{town, population, incorporate}
{area, part, region}
{build, building, house}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{land, century, early}
{county, mile, population}

Monroe is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 93 at the 2000 census. By area, population and population density, it is the smallest town in the county; and is the second-smallest town by population in the Commonwealth, with only Gosnold having fewer residents.

Monroe is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Monroe was first settled in 1800 and was officially incorporated in 1822. The town was named for President James Monroe, who was in office at the time of incorporation. The town was mostly rural, with dairy farming taking up much of the town's economic activity. During the mid-19th century, the town did get some business from the building of the Hoosac Tunnel, just south of town in Florida. In 1885, however, a railroad line was built between neighboring Readsboro, Vermont and Holyoke to haul wood pulp to a paper factory. This, in turn, enticed the Ramage family to establish the James Ramage Paper Company in 1887. The company was the main industry well into the 20th century, before closing down in 1984.[1]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.8 square miles (27.9 km²), of which, 10.7 square miles (27.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.65%) is water. Monroe is located at 42° 43'18.80"N, 72° 56'29.38"W. The town is located on the northwestern corner of Franklin County along the Vermont state border, and is bordered by Berkshire County to the west and Bennington County, Vermont to the north. is bordered on the north by Stamford and Readsboro, Vermont, on the east by Rowe and on the south and west by Florida. Monroe is 26 miles northwest of Greenfield, 55 miles north-northwest of Springfield, and 115 miles west-northwest of Boston.

Monroe is located on the Hoosac Range, the northern end of the Berkshire Mountains. The town's border with Rowe lies along the Deerfield River, which enters the state at this point, heading south and eastward towards the Connecticut River. The river is dammed for part of this length as the southern end of the Sherman Reservoir, which formerly supplied power to the Yankee Rowe Nuclear Power Station. There are also several brooks which run through town. Much of the central and southern part of town is covered by the Monroe State Forest, which extends into neighboring Florida.

Full article ▸

related documents
Conway, Massachusetts
Ashfield, Massachusetts
Yarmouth, Massachusetts
Washington, Massachusetts
Egremont, Massachusetts
Florida, Massachusetts
Leyden, Massachusetts
Brookfield, Massachusetts
Cohasset, Massachusetts
Clarksburg, Massachusetts
West Stockbridge, Massachusetts
Tyringham, Massachusetts
Heath, Massachusetts
Long Lake, New York
New Ashford, Massachusetts
Bernardston, Massachusetts
Woodville, Ohio
Becket, Massachusetts
White Horse, New Jersey
Lanesborough, Massachusetts
Richford, New York
Bowling Green, Virginia
Marion, Massachusetts
New Marlborough, Massachusetts
Peru, Massachusetts
Ticonderoga, New York
Mohawk, Herkimer County, New York
Spencer, Tennessee
Lakeville, Massachusetts
Halfmoon, New York