Monroe County, Missouri

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Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. The county was organized in 1831 and named for U.S. President James Monroe. As of 2000, the population was 9,311. Its county seat is Paris[1].



Monroe County was one of several along the Missouri River settled by migrants from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They also brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture. The county was considered at the heart of what was called Little Dixie.[2]

Monroe County was one of only two jurisdictions in the Show-Me-State to be carried by Democrat George McGovern in the 1972 presidential election against incumbent Republican president Richard Nixon. The other was the City of St. Louis, a Democratic stronghold.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles (1,736 km²), of which, 646 square miles (1,673 km²) of it is land and 24 square miles (63 km²) of it (3.62%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

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