Montgomery Township, New Jersey

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Montgomery Township is a Township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 17,481. The Census Bureau's 2008 population estimate for Montgomery Township was 22,958, which represents growth of 31% since 2000 and almost 140% since the 1990 Census population figure of 9,612.[2]

Montgomery Township was incorporated as a one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, from what remained of Western precinct. Portions of the township were taken to form Princeton borough (February 11, 1813, in Mercer County) and Rocky Hill (December 18, 1889).[6]



The first landowners in what was to become Montgomery Township, such as Johannas Van Home and Peter Sonmans, were speculators: that is, they themselves did not live on the land, but sold large parts of what they owned to companies that subdivided it into farm-sized plots for those who did intend to settle. Many speculators and early settlers were of Dutch descent from the New Amsterdam area (especially Long Island), which, after the British ousted the Dutch (1664), was renamed New York in honor of the Duke of York (the future James II). The Township was originally known as the Western Precinct of Somerset County (i.e. west of the Millstone River). Before the creation of Mercer County in 1838, the southern border extended to Nassau Street in Princeton. In 1798 the Western Precinct was organized as Montgomery Township, named for Colonel Richard Montgomery, who fell fighting for the patriot cause in the Battle of Quebec at the start of the Revolution (1775).

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