Mood stabilizer

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A mood stabilizer is a psychiatric medication used to treat mood disorders characterized by intense and sustained mood shifts, typically bipolar disorder.

Contents

Uses

Used to treat bipolar disorder,[1] mood stabilizers suppress swings between mania and depression. Mood stabilizing drugs are also used in borderline personality disorder.[2] and Schizoaffective Disorder.

Examples

The term "mood stabilizer" describes an effect, not a mechanism. More precise terminology is used to classify these agents.

Drugs commonly classed as mood stabilizers include:

Anticonvulsants

Many agents described as "mood stabilizers" are also categorized as anticonvulsants. The term "anticonvulsant mood stabilizers" is sometimes used to describe these as a class.[3] Although this group is also defined by effect rather than mechanism, there is at least a preliminary understanding of the mechanism of most of the anticonvulsants used in the treatment of mood disorders.

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