Mount Lebanon, Louisiana

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Mount Lebanon is a town in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 73 at the 2000 census.



Mount Lebanon was probably the first permanent settlement in what is now Bienville Parish. Its pioneers were Baptists from South Carolina who quickly established a church and school. The school became Mount Lebanon University in 1853, but closed during the Civil War to serve as a high school and a Confederate hospital. After the war the school reopened. After years of struggling, it was consolidated in 1906 through the Louisiana Baptist Convention into Louisiana College in Pineville in Rapides Parish in Central Louisiana.

The Mount Lebanon Baptist Church was organized in 1837, and the Louisiana Baptist Convention was established there in 1848. One of the Baptist organizers in Mount Lebanon was pastor George Washington Baines, maternal great-grandfather of future U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. The church building is still in use. The sanctuary is separated down the middle, men would sit on one side of the divide, women on the other. There is a balcony where the slaves were seated.

There are eight houses in the town that are on the National Register of Historic Places, including a building once used as a stagecoach stop and hotel.

After the railroad was built through Gibsland, three miles north, Mount Lebanon began to decline in population and economic opportunity. The post office was decommissioned in the 1950s.


Mount Lebanon is located at 32°30′42″N 93°2′29″W / 32.51167°N 93.04139°W / 32.51167; -93.04139 (32.511680, -93.041382)[1].

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