Muhammad

related topics
{god, call, give}
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{theory, work, human}
{country, population, people}
{law, state, case}
{church, century, christian}
{work, book, publish}
{group, member, jewish}
{land, century, early}
{day, year, event}
{area, community, home}
{woman, child, man}
{government, party, election}
{town, population, incorporate}

Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullāh (Arabic: Transliteration: Muḥammad;[n 1] pronounced [mʊˈħæmmæd]  ( listen); also spelled Muhammed or Mohammed)[n 2][n 3] (ca. 570/571 – June 8, 632),[1] (Monday, 12th Rabi' al-Awwal, Year 11 A.H.) was the founder of the religion of Islam,[2] and is regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God (Arabic: الله Allāh), the last law-bearer in a series of Islamic prophets, and, by most Muslims,[n 4] the last prophet as taught by sura (chapter) Al-Ahzab, ayah (verse) of the Qur'an.[3] Muslims thus consider him the restorer of an uncorrupted original monotheistic faith (islām) of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets.[4][5][6] He was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general, and, according to Muslim belief, an agent of divine action.[7]

Born in 570 in the Arabian city of Mecca,[8] he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25. Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him (lit. islām) is the only way (dīn)[n 5] acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as other Islamic prophets.[6][9][10]

Full article ▸

related documents
Armageddon
Devil
One Ring
Seven deadly sins
Fairy tale
Shinto
Indra
Passion (Christianity)
Hindu
Heracles
Wicca
Bodhidharma
Solar deity
Troll
Zoroaster
Messiah
Gospel of Luke
Romulus and Remus
Cybele
Gautama Buddha
Zoroastrianism
Rapture
Leviathan
Theseus
Judas Iscariot
Resurrection of Jesus
Lucifer
Second Coming
Chinese dragon
Gospel of John