Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab

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Sheikh-ul-Islam Imam Muhammad Ibn Abd-al-Wahhab (Arabic: محمد بن عبد الوهاب‎) (born 1703 in Uyaynah; died 1792) was a prominent Sunni Muslim scholar who wrote many books against polytheism (or "Shirk").



Childhood and Early Life

Some details have been pieced together via the work of numerous historians. Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab is generally acknowledged to have been born in 'Uyayna[1][2][3][4] in 1703[5][6] and to have been a member of the Arab tribe of Banu Tamim. He was thought to have started studying Islam at an early age, primarily with his father ('Abd al-Wahhab),[7][8][9][10][11] as he was from a line of scholars of the Hanbali school of jurisprudence.[12] While there is some consensus over these details, there is not a unanimous agreement over the specifics and some minority opinions do exist in regard to his place and date of birth. Seemingly his recognition with the Banu Tamim tribe and Hanbali school of thought is in line with the justification by some scholars of being the inheritor of the teachings of Taqi-Al Din Ibn Taymiyyah.


Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab spent some time studying with Muslim scholars in Basra (in southern Iraq),[13][14] and it is reported that he traveled to the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina to perform Hajj and study with the scholars there,[15][16] before returning to his home town of Uyayna in 1740. Official sources on ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab's life put his visits to these cities in different chronological order, and the full extent of such travels remains disputed among historians.

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