Muiden

related topics
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{area, part, region}
{ship, engine, design}
{city, large, area}
{law, state, case}
{island, water, area}
{town, population, incorporate}
{village, small, smallsup}

Muiden (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It lies at the mouth of the Vecht and is in an area called the Vechtstreek.

Contents

Population centres

The municipality of Muiden consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Muiden, Muiderberg.

History

The first known reference to Muiden is from 953 when Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, granted the settlement and its toll rights to Cathedral of Saint Martin, Utrecht. It was called Amuda, meaning "mouth of the (river) A". "A" was the old name for the Vecht river.

In 1122 Muiden was, together with Utrecht, granted some city rights by Emperor Henry V. After the lands around Muiden were given to Count Floris V, he began building Muider Castle at the mouth of the Vecht river. Muiden once again received city rights in 1296.

In 1673 the sea lock in the Vecht river was relocated from Fort Hinderdam to Muiden and in 1676 it was expanded with a sea wall along the Vecht mouth to prevent flooding.

Fortifications

The first defensive works date from the first half of the 15th century. In 1590 the walls are replaced with earthen mounds with bastions after a design by Adriaen Anthonisz. Muiden was the northern end of the Dutch Water Line.

Developments in warfare during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 prompted another round of upgrades and the construction of forts part of the Stelling van Amsterdam, which includes the Muizenfort, the barracks on the Vestingplein, and the casemates in the ravelins. The layout of the fortification wall was revised.

Full article ▸

related documents
Vansbro Municipality
Verulamium
Ripoll
Deurne, Netherlands
Vladimir Atlasov
Zeist
Oud-Beijerland
Okhotsk
Mesta
Crow Nation
Des Peres, Missouri
Santa Fe de Nuevo México
List of Indian reservations in the United States
Tree farm
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht
Hernando de Alarcón
Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr
Havelock, North Carolina
Mission San Francisco Solano
Charles Robert Malden
Maassluis
Thirteen Colonies
Lekeberg Municipality
Erythrae
Historic house
Elland
Dragør
Warner's Grant, Vermont
Spijkenisse
Penn Yan, New York