Musical scale

related topics
{album, band, music}
{rate, high, increase}
{@card@, make, design}
{language, word, form}
{math, number, function}
{math, energy, light}

In music, a scale is a sequence of musical notes in ascending and descending order that provides material for or is used to conveniently represent part or all of a musical work including melody and/or harmony.[1] Scales are ordered in pitch or pitch class, with their ordering providing a measure of musical distance. Scales are divided, based on the intervals between the notes they contain, into categories including diatonic, major, minor, and others, with a specific group of notes thus being described as a C-major scale, D-minor scale, etc.

The distance between two successive notes in a scale is called a scale step.



Scales are typically listed from low to high. Most scales are octave-repeating, meaning their pattern of notes is the same in every octave. An octave-repeating scale can be represented as a circular arrangement of pitch classes, ordered by increasing (or decreasing) pitch class. For instance, the increasing C major scale is C-D-E-F-G-A-B-[C], with the bracket indicating that the last note is an octave higher than the first note, and the decreasing C major scale is C-B-A-G-F-E-D-[C], with the bracket indicating an octave lower than the first note in the scale.

This single scale can be manifested at many different pitch levels. For example, a C major scale can be started at C4 (middle C; see scientific pitch notation) and ascending an octave to C5; or it could be started at C6, ascending an octave to C7.

Scales may be described according to the intervals they contain:

or by the number of different pitch classes they contain:

Full article ▸

related documents
New Wave music
Signals (album)
Master of Puppets
Horrendous Disc
Love Is Strange
Tony Williams
Bronski Beat
Chubby Checker
Little Earthquakes
Dutch hip hop
Linkin Park
The Penguins
Cake (band)
Parliament (band)
Simon Rattle
Boards of Canada
Sixpence None the Richer
Sun Records
Barry White
Joe Pass
Musical composition
Fran├žois Kevorkian
Heaven 17
Bobby Brown
The Brothers Johnson
Please Please Me
Outsider music
Bo Hansson