Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions.[1]:1 These preferences were extrapolated from the typological theories proposed by Carl Gustav Jung and first published in his 1921 book Psychological Types (English edition, 1923).[2]

The original developers of the personality inventory were Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers. They began creating the indicator during World War II, believing that a knowledge of personality preferences would help women who were entering the industrial workforce for the first time to identify the sort of war-time jobs where they would be "most comfortable and effective".[1]:xiii The initial questionnaire grew into the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which was first published in 1962. The MBTI focuses on normal populations and emphasizes the value of naturally occurring differences.[3]

CPP Inc., the publisher of the MBTI instrument, calls it "the world’s most widely used personality assessment",[4] with as many as two million assessments administered annually. Some academic psychologists have criticized the MBTI instrument, claiming that it "lacks convincing validity data".[5][6][7][8] Proponents of the test, however, cite reports of individual behavior[9] and have found that the indicator meets or exceeds the reliability of other psychological instruments.[10] Some studies have found strong support for construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, although variation was observed.[11][12][13]

The definitive published source of reference for the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is The Manual produced by CPP.[14] However, the registered trademark rights to the terms Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and MBTI have been assigned from the publisher to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust.[15]


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