N'Djamena

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N'Djamena (pronounced /ɨndʒəˈmeɪnə/, Arabic: نجاميناNijāmīnā), population 993,492 (2009), is the capital and largest city of Chad. A port on the Chari River, near the confluence with the Logone River, it directly faces the Cameroonian town of Kousséri, to which the city is connected by a bridge. It is also a special statute region, divided in 10 arrondissements. It is a regional market for livestock, salt, dates, and grains. Meat, fish and cotton processing are the chief industries, and the city continues to serve as the centre of economic activity in Chad, despite the violent civil conflicts.[1]

Contents

History

N'Djamena was founded as Fort-Lamy by French commander Émile Gentil on May 29, 1900, and named after Amédée-François Lamy, an army officer who had been killed in the Battle of Kousséri a few days earlier.[2] During the Second World War, the French relied heavily upon the airport to move troops and supplies.[1]

Its name was changed to N'Djamena (taken from the Arab name of a nearby village, Niǧāmīnā, meaning "place of rest") by the President François Tombalbaye on April 6, 1973,[2] as part of his authenticité program of Africanization. It was occupied by Libya during the 1980-1 Libyian intervention as part of the Chadian–Libyan conflict,[3] the and associated Transitional Government of National Unity.

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