Nancy Pelosi

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Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi[1] (pronounced /pəˈloʊsi/; born March 26, 1940) is an American politician who has been the 60th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since January 4, 2007. She is the first woman, and the 53rd individual, to hold the office.

A member of the Democratic Party, Pelosi has represented the 8th Congressional District of California, which consists of four-fifths of the City and County of San Francisco, since 1987. The district was numbered as the 5th during Pelosi's first three terms in the House. She served as the House Minority Whip from 2002 to 2003, and was House Minority Leader from 2003 to 2007, holding the post during the 108th and 109th Congresses. Pelosi is the first woman, the first Californian and first Italian-American to lead a major party in Congress.

After the Democrats took control of the House in 2007 and increased their majority in 2009, Pelosi was elected Speaker of the House for the 110th and 111th sessions of Congress. As Speaker she is second in the line of presidential succession, following Vice President Joe Biden, which makes her the highest-ranking female politician in American history.[2]

Based on the seats gained by Republicans in the November 2010 election, Pelosi may no longer be the Speaker when the 112th Congress convenes in January 2011. However, Pelosi stated that she would seek the position of House Democratic Leader.[3] The position is commonly referred to as "Minority Leader" or "Majority Leader" depending on which party holds power. On November 17th, 2010, Pelosi was elected as the Democratic Leader by House Democrats and will be the Minority Leader in the 112th Congress. [4]

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