Nankana Sahib

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Aamna Munir (DDOR), Shaukat Masih (Assistant Collector)

Aslam Zia (Assistant Collector)

Tallat Aziz (Assistant Collector)

Tariq Mehmood (Assistant Collector) Munir Ahmed(Assistant Collector)

Nankana Sahib (Shahmukhi: ننکانہ صاحب, Gurmukhi: ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ), was earlier known as 'Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi' is a city in the Pakistani province of Punjab named after the first Guru of the Sikhs Guru Nanak Dev. Located at 31°26'51N 73°41'50E - about 80 kilometers south west of Lahore and about 75 kilometres East from Faisalabad,[1] with a population of approx. 60,000 [2], it is also the capital of Nankana Sahib District and Tehsil. Because Nankana Sahib is the birthplace of Guru Nanak Dev, the central figure in Sikhism, it is a city of high historic and religious value and is a popular pilgrimage site for Sikhs from all over the world.

Contents

Famous villages in the district

As the villages constitute the main part of the district, there are many famous villages in it. Some of them are as under:Kot Hussain,Khair Pur Bhattian, Chokery Kharlan Rattuana, Kali Bair, Nabi Pur Piran, Waseer Pur, Abian Wala, Syed Wala, Chookhian Wala,etc.

Brief history

About thirty miles south-west of the city of Lahore, the capital of the Punjab district of Pakistan. Called Talwandi in the 15th century, this town was surrounded by a deep Bar (a raised forest tract) in the centre of Punjab (the Land of 5 Rivers). Today the town is surrounded by a broad expanse of agricultural vegetation that wears a cheerful appearance through each season. The jal or arak tree Salvadora persica, (the toothbrush tree) predominates, but there are also found the phulahi (Acacia modesta) and the jand (Prosopis spicigera). The wild deer, though not seen anymore, were seen occasionally to appear startled at the travellers who disturbed the solitude of its domain, and the hare and the partridges used to cower cautiously among the thickets, deprecating molestation.[3]

Talwandi is said to have been originally built by a Hindu king called Raja Vairat. It was sacked and destroyed by fire and crowbar. The Punjab was parcelled out to Muslim warrior chiefs in exchange for peace by the sovereigns of Delhi (Delhi Sultanate). One of these chiefs was Rai Bhoi Bhatti, a Muslim of the Bhatti Rajput tribe. Rai Bhoi along with his son salvaged Talwandi and restored it and built a fort on the summit of the tumulus, in which he lived the secure and happy ruler of his estate with several thousand acres of cultivated land, and a boundless wilderness. Nankana was subsequently known then as Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi (or Rai Bhoi's Talwandi). After Rai Bhoi's death, his heritage descended to his only son Rai Bular Bhatti, who governed the land and town at the birth and during the youth of Nanak.

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