Napoleon (coin)

related topics
{@card@, make, design}
{son, year, death}
{country, population, people}
{church, century, christian}
{government, party, election}
{language, word, form}
{company, market, business}
{god, call, give}
{area, part, region}
{mi², represent, 1st}

The Napoleon is the colloquial term for a former French gold coin. The coins were minted (at various times) in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 40, 50 and 100francs. This article will focus on the 20 franc coins issued during the reign of Napoleon, which are 21 mm in diameter, weigh 6.45 grams (gross weight) and, at 90% pure, contain 0.1867 troy ounces or 5.801 grams of pure gold. The coin was issued during the reign of Napoleon I and features his portrait on the obverse. The denomination (known as the Franc Germinal French franc#French Empire and Restoration) continued in use through the 19th century and later French gold coins in the same denomination were generally referred to as "Napoleons". Earlier French gold coins are referred to as Louis (the name of eighteen French Kings or écu an old French word for shield.

.

Contents

Overview

The Napoleon is the colloquial term for a former French gold coin. The coins were originally minted in two denominations, 20 and 40 francs for Napoleon Bonaparte. The 20 franc coins are 21 mm in diameter (about the size of a U.S. five cent piece), weigh 6.45 grams (gross weight) and; at 90% pure, contain .1845 ounces or 5.801 grams of pure gold. The 40 franc coins are 26 mm in diameter, weigh 12.90 grams (gross weight) and; are 90% pure gold. The coins were issued during the reign of Napoleon I and feature his portrait, sometimes bare headed and other times wearing a laurel wreath (the ancient Roman symbol of supreme authority) and, depending upon the political status of France, the words on the front: either Bonaparte - Premier Consul (First Consul) or Napoléon Empereur (emperor). On the back: the legends read either "RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE" (the French Republic) or after 1809, "EMPIRE FRANÇAIS" (the French Empire). There was even a 20 Lire Napoleon minted under the auspices of the Kingdom of Italy, a country annexed by Napoleon I of France in 1805 as a result of the defeat of Austria (the former holder of the territories) at the Battle of Austerlitz.

Full article ▸

related documents
Spandrel
Stored energy printer
Ladder
Bow drill
Marlinespike hitch
Costume jewelry
Quarterstaff
Velvet
Bead weaving
Quarter (United States coin)
Types of swords
Kenjutsu
Gambeson
Carabiner
Jacquard loom
Chess piece
Reef knot
Uniform
Austrian euro coins
Boehm System
Zoetrope
Crayon
Lip piercing
Wall
Krugerrand
Chad (paper)
Figure skating spins
Tool
Kaleidoscope
Woodworking