National Front (France)

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French nationalism

The Front national (FN)—sometimes translated in English as the National Front—is a French far-right, nationalist[2] political party, founded in 1972 by Jean-Marie Le Pen. The Front national claims to have 75,000 members,[3] however, according to the party's treasurer, formerly Jean-Marie Le Pen's lawyer, Wallerand de Saint-Just, it includes only 16,000 to 18,000 members. The movement's early electoral successes in 1984 were achieved with only 1,500 formal members, but this increased to an apex of 42,000 before the party's schism of December 1998. In the French presidential election of 2002, Le Pen finished a distant second to Jacques Chirac in a runoff election. From 2002 to 2006, the Front National established itself as the third largest political party in France, after the UMP (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, formerly RPR), and the socialist party (Parti Socialiste). Internationally, the FN is affiliated with Euronat.

Although the party describes itself as a national right, populist and souverainist organization, observers in the media describe the party as "far right"[4] or "extreme right".[5][6] Le Pen has been condemned as being an apologist for war crimes and crimes against humanity, and for trivializing the Holocaust.[7]


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