Natural language processing

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Natural language processing (NLP) is a field of computer science and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages.[1] In theory, natural-language processing is a very attractive method of human-computer interaction. Natural language understanding is sometimes referred to as an AI-complete problem, because natural-language recognition seems to require extensive knowledge about the outside world and the ability to manipulate it.

NLP has significant overlap with the field of computational linguistics, and is often considered a sub-field of artificial intelligence.

Modern NLP algorithms are grounded in machine learning, especially statistical machine learning. Research into modern statistical NLP algorithms requires an understanding of a number of disparate fields, including linguistics, computer science, and statistics. For a discussion of the types of algorithms currently used in NLP, see the article on pattern recognition.


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