Nautilus (file manager)

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2.91.2  (November 10, 2010; 46 days ago (2010-11-10))

Nautilus is the official file manager for the GNOME desktop. The name is a play on words, evoking the shell of a nautilus to represent an operating system shell. Nautilus replaced Midnight Commander in GNOME 1.4 and was the default from version 2.0 onwards.

Nautilus was the flagship product of the now-defunct Eazel Inc. Released under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License, Nautilus is free software.



Nautilus was first released in 2001 and development has continued ever since. The following is a brief timeline of its development history:

  • Version 1.0 was released on March 13, 2001,[1] and incorporated into GNOME 1.4.[2]
  • Version 2.0 was a port to GTK+ 2.0.
  • Version 2.2 included changes to make it more compliant with User Interface Guidelines.
  • Version 2.4 switched the desktop folder to ~/Desktop (the ~ represents the user's "Home" folder) to be compliant with standards.
  • In the version included with GNOME 2.6, Nautilus switched to a spatial interface[3]. The "classic" interface is still available by a filing cabinet shaped icon, by an option in the "Edit -> Preferences -> Behavior" menu in Nautilus, in a folder's context menu, and by using the "--browser" switch when started by a command via a launcher or shell. Several Linux distributions have made "browser" mode the default.
  • GNOME 2.14 introduced a version of Nautilus with improved searching, integrated optional Beagle support and the ability to save searches as virtual folders.[4][5]
  • With the release of GNOME 2.22, Nautilus was ported to the newly introduced GVFS, the replacement virtual file system for the aging GnomeVFS.
  • The 2.24 stable release of Nautilus adds some new features, mainly tabbed browsing and better tab completion.
  • With GNOME 2.30, Nautilus reverted from a spatial interface back to a browser navigational model[6] by default.

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