Nederland, Texas

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Nederland is a city in Jefferson County, Texas, United States. The population was 17,422 at the 2000 census.

The city is adjacent to the Southeast Texas Regional Airport in Port Arthur, which serves the nearby cities of Beaumont and Port Arthur. It is part of the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. Also referred to as the "Golden Triangle Area, due the triangular shape the bordering cities make.

Contents

Geography

Nederland is located at 29°58′23″N 93°59′48″W / 29.97306°N 93.99667°W / 29.97306; -93.99667 (29.973113, -93.996715)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.7 square miles (14.8 km²), of which, 5.7 square miles (14.7 km²) of it is land and 0.18% is water.

History

Nederland was founded in 1897 by Dutch[4] settlers (Nederland is Dutch for the Netherlands). The more prominent families were named Rienstra, Doornbos and Van Oostrom, and their descendants still live in the area today. Tradition says they were attracted to the flat coastal terrain that reminded them of their homeland (although the heat most certainly did not). Nederland's Dutch heritage is commemorated by the Dutch Windmill Museum located on Boston Avenue.

Nederland became incorporated as a township in 1948. Its early economy was agricultural. The Port of Beaumont attracted shipping interests to support the east Texas logging industry. With the discovery of oil at the nearby Spindletop well in Beaumont, Nederland would become the bedroom community for a burgeoning oil refining industry that would grow up in the area. The surrounding larger cities of Beaumont, Port Arthur and Orange came to be known as the Golden Triangle. Nederland High School Band, with its black and gold colors, came to be called the "golden pride of the Golden Triangle," and has received a "division one" rating at UIL marching contest 22 years straight. In the 1940s and 1950s, the Port of Beaumont was as important as New Orleans or Houston/Galveston, and Nederland thrived as a result.

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