New Castle, Indiana

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New Castle is a city in Henry County, Indiana, 44 miles (71 km) east-northeast of Indianapolis, on the Big Blue River. In 1900, 3,406 people lived in the town; in 1910, 9,446; in 1920, 14,458; and in 1940, 16,620. The population was 17,780 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Henry County[3]. New Castle is home to New Castle Fieldhouse, the largest high school gymnasium in the world. The city is surrounded by a farming district. In the past, it was an industrial centre of some importance, where the leading manufactures included sheet iron and steel, automobiles, caskets, clothing, scales, bridges, pianos, furniture, handles, shovels, lathes, bricks, flour, etc.

New Castle Correctional Facility, with a capacity of over 2,000 inmates, is located just north of the city.



New Castle is located at 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.923733°N 85.365045°W / 39.923733; -85.365045.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15.4 km²), all of it land.


New Castle is a third class city and has a seven member city council chaired by the mayor. One council member is elected from each of the city's five districts and two are elected at-large. The clerk-treasurer and city judge are also elected offices. City elections are held every four years in the year preceding presidential elections.

The mayor is elected by popular vote and appoints the police chief, fire chief, city attorney, and department heads of the various municipal agencies. In 2007, New Castle elected Jim Small, its first Republican mayor since 1951.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 17,780 people, 7,462 households, and 4,805 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,987.5 people per square mile (1,153.8/km²). There were 8,042 housing units at an average density of 1,351.3/sq mi (521.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.37% White, 1.85% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

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