New Madrid County, Missouri

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New Madrid County (pronounced New MAD-rid, short as in "mad") is a county located in the Bootheel of Southeast Missouri in the United States. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the county's population was 19,760. A 2008 estimate, however, showed the population to be 17,589. The largest city and county seat is New Madrid[1]. The county was officially organized on October 1, 1812, and is named after a district located in the region that was once under Spanish rule, Nuevo Madrid, after Madrid, Spain.

The county takes in a large part of the New Madrid Fault that produced the 1811-1812 New Madrid Earthquake and has the potential to produce more earthquakes in the future.



French Canadians landed in New Madrid County in 1781, and established first settlement in the present county at New Madrid.[2]

New Madrid County was organized on October 1, 1812 as an act of the First General Assembly of Missouri Territory.[3]

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