Newark, New York

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Newark is a village in Wayne County, New York, U.S., 30 miles (48 km) east by south of Rochester. The population was 9,682 at the 2000 census.

The Village of Newark is in the south part of the Town of Arcadia and is in the south of Wayne County.

Contents

History

The village was originally called "Miller's Basin," after Captain Joseph Miller, who built that section of the Erie Canal. The current village also includes the former "Village of Arcadia," which was previously called "Lockville" prior to its own incorporation in 1839. The Village of Newark was incorporated in 1853, to include Lockville.

It was in Newark, New York that Jackson & Perkins Company, famous for its roses, was founded in 1872 by Albert Jackson and his son-in law Charles Perkins. The Perkins mansion, now listed on the historic register is operated as Vintage Gardens bed & breakfast. The Jackson-Perkins Residence is significant for its association with the growth and development of the Jackson and Perkins Company, one of the largest and best-known horticultural firms in the United States. The company was established in 1873 by Albert E. Jackson and his son-in-law, Charles H. Perkins, fruit growers and amateur gardeners, who had purchased the property in 1864. Initially, Perkins, a lawyer and banker, began experimenting with cultivating grapes and other fruits on the property; however, his growing passion for roses led to a substantial increase in horticultural activity, and in 1884 the company hired E. Alvin Miller, a professional propagator and breeder. This marked a substantial enlargement in the size and professionalism of the company, which began to cultivate roses and other ornamentals on a large scale. Although the growth of the company led to the acquisition of additional farms, the family's High Street estate remained the center of operations, with experiments in propagation taking place on site and the residence's library serving as the company's main office. In 1910, Charles Perkins's son, George C. Perkins, took over as president. Unlike his father and grandfather, the younger Perkins devoted his career to the management of the company, which remained under family management until the 1960s. In the first decades of the twentieth century, Jackson and Perkins achieved worldwide fame, particularly for its roses. In 1908, the company received an award from the National Rose Society for Great Britain for the popular "Dorothy Perkins Rose." During the 1920s and 30s the company's research directors were prolific in developing hundreds of new varieties and the company sold millions of plants. In addition to roes, Jackson and Perkins also became major distributors of clematis, lilacs, boxwoods, azaleas, and rhododendrons. After specializing in the wholesale trade for more than half a century, Jackson and Perkins's popular exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair led to its entrance into the retail market as a mail order business. The company's public renown earned Newark the nickname "Rose Capital of America." Today Jackson and Perkins is located in Hodges, South Carolina, a division of the Park Seed Co. and is a full service nursery that disseminates more than one million catalogues and ships more than three million roses and other plants to customers each year.

In 1949, the C.H. Stuart Co., early pioneers in direct selling,formed a small division named after C.H. Stuart's great granddaughter, Sarah Coventry Beale. Sarah Coventry Inc. marketed costume jewelry under home party plan until 1984 and was known the world over.

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