Newberry County, South Carolina

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Newberry County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. In 2000, its population was 36,108. The 2005 Census estimate placed the population at 37,250.[1] Its county seat is Newberry.[2] The name is of unknown origin.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 647 square miles (1,676 km²), of which 631 square miles (1,634 km²) is land and 17 square miles (43 km²) (2.55%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

National protected area

History

Newberry County was formed from the Ninety Six District in 1785. Prior to its formal founding, the area was the site of several American Revolutionary War battles: Williams' Plantation, Dec. 31, 1780; Mud Lick, March 2, 1781; and Bush River, May 1781.[3] The town of Newberry was founded in 1789 as the county seat. Cotton was the primary crop grown in Newberry County before the Civil War and there were a number of plantations throughout the county. Newberry becsme a thriving trade center once the railroad arrived in the early 1850s. Lutheran-supported Newberry College was established in 1856. The Civil War not only interrupted growth in the county, it changed its social order. The first cotton mills were introduced in the county in the 1880s.[4] Jurist John Belton O'Neall (1795-1863), historian David Duncan Wallace (1874-1951) and S.C. Governor and U. S. Senator Coleman L. Blease (1868-1942) were all Newberry County natives.[5]

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