Newcastle, Washington

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Newcastle is an Eastside city in King County, Washington, United States. Its population was 7,737 at the 2000 census.

Although Newcastle was not incorporated until 1994, it has been an important settlement and town since the late 19th century and played a major role in the development of Seattle and the Seattle region.[3] Newcastle was one of the region's earliest coal mining areas and its railroad link to Seattle was the first in King County. Timber also played a role in the early history of Newcastle. Coal delivered by rail from Newcastle's mines to Seattle fueled the growth of the Port of Seattle and attracted railroads, most notably the Great Northern Railway.

The Newcastle coal mine began producing coal by the 1870s. More than 13 million tons of coal had been extracted by the time the mine closed in 1963. Newcastle's coal mining legacy, and the mines many Chinese laborers, remains in place names such as Coal Creek, Coal Creek Parkway, and China Creek Golf Course.

Based on per capita income Newcastle ranks 23rd of 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked. In Newsweek's 2009 rankings of best places to live in the United States, Newcastle was honored with the 17th spot.

Contents

History

Newcastle was most likely named after Newcastle upon Tyne in England, as it was originally a coal mining town founded in the 1870s. Coal was discovered along Coal Creek in 1863. The surveyors Philip H. Lewis and Edwin Richardson made the discovery while surveying the area for the General Land Office.[4] By 1872 75-100 tons of coal per day were being produced at Newcastle. About 60 men worked at the mines.[5] The Seattle and Walla Walla Railroad, the first railroad in King County, was built from Seattle to Newcastle in the late 19th century. Coal mining ended in 1963. The area was an unincorporated area within King County until it incorporated as a city on September 30, 1994. Currently the city is a suburban community. Most residents work in nearby Seattle, Bellevue, or Renton. Notable attractions of the area include the Golf Club at Newcastle, Lake Boren Park, nearby Cougar Mountain, and Newcastle's many parks and trails.

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