Newfoundland (island)

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Additional Information
Longest River:Exploits River
(246 kilometres (153 mi))[2]

Seat of Government: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Members of the Canadian House of Commons:
6 (of 7 in NL and 308 total)

Members of the Canadian Senate:
6 (of 6 in NL and 105 total)

Members of the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly:
44 (of 48 total)

Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador
Flag of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador (1980 to present)

Newfoundland Flag
Union Flag
Flag of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador (1949 to 1980) and flag of the Dominion of Newfoundland (1931-1949)

Newfoundland (pronounced /ˈnjuːfən(d)lænd/ ( listen); French: Terre-Neuve, Irish: Talamh an Éisc) is a large Canadian island 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The province's official name was also "Newfoundland" until 2001, when its name was changed to "Newfoundland and Labrador" (the postal abbreviation was later changed from NF to NL).

The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova, from "New Land" in Latin) was originally discovered by the Icelandic Viking called Leif Eriksson in the 11th century, who called the new land "Vinland". The island was later redescovered by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto), working under contract to England on his expedition from Bristol in 1497. This discovery is considered by historians as having laid the initial foundation of the British Empire, a fact solidified on August 5, 1583, when Sir Humphrey Gilbert claimed Newfoundland as England's first overseas colony under Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I of England, thus officially establishing the British Empire.[3][4] Apart from Ireland and the Channel Islands, Newfoundland is considered Britain's longest serving colony.[5] According to 2006 official Census Canada statistics, 57% of responding Newfoundlanders and Labradorians claim British Isles ancestry, with 43.2% claiming at least one English parent, 21.5% at least one Irish parent, and 7% at least one parent of Scottish origin. Additionally 6.1% claimed at least one parent of French ancestry.[6] The island's total population as of the 2006 census was 479,105.

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