Nez Perce County, Idaho

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Nez Perce County [Eng. pron. Nezz Purse] is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. The population was 37,410 at the 2000 United States Census; it was estimated at 38,932 in 2007.[1] The county seat is Lewiston.[2] The county is named for the Nez Percé tribe.

Nez Perce County was originally organized in 1861, when the area was part of Washington Territory. It was reorganized in 1864 by the Idaho Territorial Legislature.

Nez Perce County is part of the Lewiston, ID-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes the entire county and all of Asotin County, Washington.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 856 square miles (2,218 km²), of which 849 square miles (2,199 km²) is land and 7 square miles (19 km²) (0.85%) is water.

Nez Perce County has two rivers, the Clearwater and the Snake, which meet in Lewiston and then flow west. The Clearwater flows from the east and the Snake from the south, creating the state border with Washington (and further upstream, Oregon). The lowest point in the state of Idaho is located on the Snake River in Lewiston in Nez Perce County, where it flows out of Idaho and into Washington. North of Lewiston, Idaho's western border is a political line.

The northern portion of the county is part of the Palouse, a wide and rolling agricultural region of the middle Columbia basin.

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