Nieuwerkerk aan den IJssel

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Ltspkr.pngNieuwerkerk aan den IJssel (population: 22,344 in 2004) is a town and former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.

It is situated along the Hollandse IJssel river, across from the town Ouderkerk.

Within the boundaries of this municipality lies the lowest point of the Netherlands: 6.76 m (22.2 ft) below Amsterdam Ordnance Datum (mean summer sea level in Amsterdam).

History

Nieuwerkerk was probably first formed circa 1250. The first reference to "Nuwekerke" is from 1282 when Count Floris V loaned the land between Kralingen and Gouda to a certain Traveys of Moordrecht. Another reference is from 22 January 1317 when Count William III of Holland sold the fiefdoms Capelle and Nieuwerkerk to Lord Jan van der Werve for 325 Dutch Pounds.

The original old village formed on a mount between shallow lakes. These lakes were the result of peat harvesting. In 1839 the first one was drained and made into a polder, the current Zuidplaspolder, and in 1866, the Alexanderpolder was made.

The railway between Rotterdam and Gouda was built in 1855 and resulted in the growth of the village. Other periods of rapid development followed after the Second World War and in the early 1980s.

During the North Sea Flood of 1953, a dike along that river broke, and the mayor of Nieuwerkerk successfully plugged the hole by ordering a river ship to navigate into it.

Transportation

Railway station: Nieuwerkerk aan den IJssel

External links

Alblasserdam · Albrandswaard · Alphen aan den Rijn · Barendrecht · Bergambacht · Bernisse · Binnenmaas · Bodegraven · Boskoop · Brielle · Capelle aan den IJssel · Cromstrijen · Delft · Den Haag (The Hague) · Dirksland · Dordrecht · Giessenlanden · Goedereede · Gorinchem · Gouda · Graafstroom · Hardinxveld-Giessendam · Hellevoetsluis · Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht · Hillegom · Kaag en Braassem · Katwijk · Korendijk · Krimpen aan den IJssel · Lansingerland · Leerdam · Leiden · Leiderdorp · Leidschendam-Voorburg · Liesveld · Lisse · Maassluis · Middelharnis · Midden-Delfland · Nederlek · Nieuw-Lekkerland · Nieuwkoop · Noordwijk · Noordwijkerhout · Oegstgeest · Oostflakkee · Oud-Beijerland · Ouderkerk · Papendrecht · Pijnacker-Nootdorp · Reeuwijk · Ridderkerk · Rijnwoude · Rijswijk · Rotterdam · Schiedam · Schoonhoven · Sliedrecht · Spijkenisse · Strijen · Teylingen · Vlaardingen · Vlist · Voorschoten · Waddinxveen · Wassenaar · Westland · Westvoorne · Zederik · Zoetermeer · Zoeterwoude · Zuidplas · Zwijndrecht

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