No first use

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No first use (NFU) refers to a pledge or a policy by a nuclear power to not use nuclear weapons as a means of warfare unless first attacked by an adversary using nuclear weapons. The concept can also be applied to chemical or biological warfare.

As of October 2008, China,[1] India[2] and North Korea[3] have publicly declared their commitment to no first use of nuclear weapons.

NATO has repeatedly rejected calls for adopting NFU policy,[4] arguing that preemptive nuclear strike is a key option.[5] In 1993, Russia dropped a pledge given by the former Soviet Union to not use nuclear weapons first.[6] In 2000, a Russian military doctrine stated that Russia reserves the right to use nuclear weapons "in response to a large-scale conventional aggression".[7]


Countries pledging no-first-use

China,[8] India, and North Korea,[3] have pledged not to be the first to use nuclear weapons in a conflict.

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