Nome, Texas

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Nome is a city in Jefferson County, Texas, United States. It is located 20 miles west of Beaumont at the intersection of U.S. Highway 90, State Highway 326 and Farm to Market Road 365. The population was 515 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

Nome is located at 30°2′9″N 94°24′46″W / 30.03583°N 94.41278°W / 30.03583; -94.41278 (30.035878, -94.412661)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.2 km²), all of it land.

Historical development

Initially called Congreve Station, this location was a stop on the Texas and New Orleans Railroad in the early 1860’s. The name for the town came from the influx of people due to the discovery of oil in the early 1900’s (similar to the gold strikes at Nome, Alaska), hence the name became Nome in 1903.[4] Although rice farming would still be the foremost activity of the town, the discovery of natural gas and oil would create a new industry for the region in 1936. Many years later, Nome would become incorporated in 1971.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 515 people, 196 households, and 140 families residing in the city. The population density was 413.8 people per square mile (160.4/km²). There were 205 housing units at an average density of 164.7/sq mi (63.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.65% White, 27.18% African American, 0.19% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.52% of the population.

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