related topics
{language, word, form}
{law, state, case}
{work, book, publish}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{country, population, people}
{woman, child, man}

Novial [nov- ("new") + IAL, International Auxiliary Language] is a constructed international auxiliary language (IAL) intended to facilitate international communication and friendship, without displacing anyone's native language. It was devised by Professor Otto Jespersen, a Danish linguist who was previously involved in the Ido movement, and subsequently in the development of Interlingua.

Its vocabulary is based largely on the Germanic and Romance languages and its grammar is influenced by English.

Novial was first introduced in Jespersen's book An International Language in 1928. It was updated in his dictionary, Novial Lexike, published two years later and further modifications were proposed in the 1930s, but the language became dormant with Jespersen's death in 1943.[citation needed] In the 1990s, with the revival of interest in constructed languages brought on by the Internet, some people rediscovered Novial.[citation needed]


An International Language

Novial was first described in Jespersen’s book An International Language (1928). Part One of the book discusses the need for an IAL, the disadvantages of ethnic languages for that purpose, and common objections to constructed IALs. He also provides a critical overview of the history of constructed IALs with sections devoted to Volapük, Esperanto, Idiom Neutral, Ido, Latino sine Flexione and Occidental (Interlingue). The author makes it clear that he draws on a wealth of earlier work on the problem of a constructed IAL, not only the aforementioned IALs.

Full article ▸

related documents
Longest word in English
Doric Greek
Grammatical case
Xhosa language
Baltic languages
Kannada language
Standard Alphabet by Lepsius
Hebrew phonology
Indo-Aryan languages
Article (grammar)
Kazakh language
Morphology (linguistics)
Comma (punctuation)
Measure word
Ge'ez language
Lexical category
Afro-Asiatic languages
Algonquian languages
Elvish languages (Middle-earth)
Berber languages
Latin grammar
Old Italic alphabet